chunk 1: CONTENTS


next pages for chris
mission statement
zivasUtra list

(contents) (cont)

contentsmmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1

|| oM || saktum iva tita_unA punanto yatra dhIrA manasA vAcam akrata |

atrA sakhAyasH sakhyAni jAnate bhadraiSAM lakSmIr nihitAdhi vAci || (from Rgveda 10.071 )

"Ausserhalb der Sprachwissenschaft winkt keine Rettung!" (from the depths of the internet abyss)


pronunciation guide


rules --




verb classes


how to spell Sanskrit

odds and ends



|| sarveSAM sukhamM bhavatu ||

343 letters. -- 10Aforeword.bse 177 -- popularity 3

1536 online dictionaries

1544 miscellaneous links

(nextpagesforchris) (ne)

next pages for chrismmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 2



22 letters. -- 10Aforeword.bse 229 -- popularity 1

1389 odds and ends

(missionstatement) (miss)

mission statementmmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ 3



0 letters. -- 10Aforeword.bse 593 -- popularity none

(/zivasUtra) (/ziv)

zivasUtra listmmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ M+ C+ 4

The zivasUtra are the following fourteen sUtras. Rule Adirantyena explains how to use them.

a i uN |

R Lk |

e oG |

ai auc |

ha ya va raT |

laN |

Ja ma Ga Na nam |

jha bhaJ |

gha Dha dhaS |

ja ba ga Da daz |

kha pha cha Tha tha ca Ta tav |

ka pay |

za Sa sar |

hal |

The letters at the end of each line are labels and don't count. So are all the a that come right after a consonant.

These fourteen lines are called mAhezvarANi sUtrANi, or zivasUtrANi, because and old legend tells that pANini heard them from ziva and they inspired him the whole grammar. To this day, all students of Sanskrit grammar start their study by memorizing them.

I see that the label N appears in two places, and the letter h in two places too. Are those mistakes?


How come the sounds H and M do not appear in the list? The sure appear in the alphabetical order list.

Those two are not "proper letters". They have a sort of second-class-citizenship in the alphabet, because they are just replacement sounds of s r m n. No nounbase, no root and no affix contains any M or H.

798 letters. -- 10DzivasUtra.bse 1 -- popularity 17

chunk 1: CONTENTS